The future is here

Charging Stations – more than just an ordinary socket

Electric vehicles are becoming an increasingly common sight at motor shows and on our roads.

A battery-powered electric car, with a range of about 100-120 km, is a good choice for those drivers who want to be ecosmart and economical. This type of vehicle is best suited to travelling short distances in urban environments.
 
An alternative is a plug-in hybrid vehicle that can cover longer distances powered by a petrol or diesel engine. These cars also have an electric motor and a smaller battery pack with a range of approx. 20-60 km; in other words, they are vehicles suitable for both city and open road driving.
 
Both types of vehicle can be connected to the ordinary mains. For charging at home or at the workplace, 1-phase charging is the most common option. Using a normal 230V socket and a 10A fuse, for example, it can take between 2 and 4 hours to charge a plug-in hybrid car and about 8-10 hours to charge an electric car.
 
Planned public charging sites will predominantly offer charging via the new standardised Type 2-socket. The effects will vary from 1-phase 16A (about 3.7 kW) to 3-phase 32A (approx. 22 kW) AC. 
 
At some sites even rapid charging stations with up to 50 kW will be built. These charge principally with DC (direct current) according to the Japanese CHAdeMO standard or the European CCS standard. Car manufacturers such as Renault have chosen rapid charging via AC (alternating current).
 
  Effekt (kW) Laddtid elbil  Laddtid laddhybrid (h)
1-fas 230V – 10A 2,3 9 h  3
1-fas 230V – 16A 3,7 5 h 2
3-fas 400V – 16A 11 2 h
3-fas 400V – 32A 22 1 h
3-fas 400V – 63A 44 30 min
DC CHAdeMO/ CCS 20 50 min <80%
DC CHAdeMO/ CCS 50 20 min <80%